Art History (HS 228b)

(with H 228a)

I  Projected Learning Goals and Objectives:

A continuation of a phenomenological approach to art history as an outer expression of the evolution of consciousness, as it pertains to painting, sculpture, and architecture. Classes will serve as a forum for discussion on how to bring the material to life and relevance in the classroom.

II  Overview of Course Content and Methods:

We will utilize slide presentations, discussions, and independent reading. Through observation of works and images, we will practice the objectifying of our perceptions and the training of our aesthetic sensibilities. By means of this practice, we see how the archetype of beauty—as well as the stages of human consciousness—metamorphose over time

III  Verification Requirements and Evaluation Methods:

Evaluation of students will be based on the quality of classroom participation and the level of engagement in any given exercises or assigned readings.

IV Readings:


Rudolf Steiner, Art as Spiritual Activity: Rudolf Steiner’s Contributions to the Visual Arts, selected lectures edited and introduced by Michael Howard (Hudson: Anthroposophic Press)

Hildegard Gerbert, Education Through Art (Fellowship Press)

Van James, Spirit and Art (Anthroposophic Press)

Rudolf Steiner, The History of Art, a course of nine lectures transcripts available at the Center for Anthroposophy Bookstore or online at the Rudolf Steiner Archive

Gottfried Richter, Art and Human Consciousness  


FIRST year

Second Year

Third Year